gerund phrase examples

A complement re-states or gives more information about a noun. 1. 50 examples of gerunds, Definition and Example Sentences The gerund is a verb that acts like a noun in a sentence. Subject. The gerund as the subject of the sentence. Read these examples: A gerund phrase is a group of words beginning with a gerund and including any modifiers to that gerund. It always follows a state-of-being verb (is, are, am, will be, was, were). I like to ski. Therefore, it is a gerund phrase acting as the complement to ‘hobby’. Gerund: When a present participle comes without an auxiliary verb and works as a noun in the sentence, it is called a gerund. Here, the prepositional phrase in the woods describes the gerund being. Let’s break down this definition to understand it better. Examples of Gerund Phrases in Sentences. Example 1 4. Doctors recommend sleeping through the night. The gerund phrase here is a complement to the subject (danger); it re-states what the subject is, and adds information. 3. When gerunds combine with other words to form phrases, we have the gerund phrase. Here are 10 examples of gerund sentences; 1.Swimming is my favourite sport. My favorite pastime is reading books. A gerund is a verb that ends in “-ing,” whereas a gerund phrase is the same thing but with modifiers or complements added in. A gerund phrase is a group of words that will always begin with a gerund. Examples of Gerund Phrase. ‘Playing the piano’ re-states what Pablo’s hobby is, and gives us more information about it. Gerund Phrase Examples. For example: “Do you mind my borrowing these supplies?” At a quick glance, borrowing could easily be labeled as a verb. Gerunds are the elusive shapeshifters of the English language. 10 examples of gerund sentences The gerund is a verb that acts like a noun in a sentence. A gerund is the present participle of a verb (the verb ending in -ing) that functions as a noun in a sentence. (As noun/as object) He started writing the letter. Here's an example: Let's break that down. Gerund Phrase Examples. 2.Having to get up early won’t bother me at all. The gerund always has the same function as a noun (although it looks like a verb). (Albert Szent-Gyorgyi, 1893-1986) 3. However, when working as a gerund, borrowing is now a noun. Drinking ginger tea on a cold day can be a good way to start. Phrasal verbs are verb … As the subject of a sentence, a gerund phrase will be the main focus, or what the sentence is about. THE GERUND AND THE GERUND PHRASE (p. 79) Enclose each (gerund or gerund phrase) in parentheses. A gerund phrase will begin with a gerund, an ing word, and will include modifiers and/or objects. It is the thing receiving the action of the verb ‘like’. Praying is good for the soul. In the study of English grammar, the terms “gerund” and “gerund phrase” are some things you’ll need to know about if you want to master the language. Here is an example sentence from Suzanne Collins’ The Hunger Games: Being in the woods is rejuvenating. My favourite occupation is reading. noun ⇒ books; noun phrase ⇒ a new book) SUBJECT (NOUN PHRASE) PREDICATE + COMPLEMENT: Computers . Here are some examples: Gerund. It is important to note the distinction between the gerund verb and the present participle. as subject 1. The gerund is obtained by adding the -ing tag to a verb root. These phrases are an excellent way to add detail to your writing to … NOUN PHRASE & PREDICATE; An activity may be expressed with a noun phrase and a predicate (verb). Discovery consists of seeing what everybody has seen and thinking what nobody has thought. Riding my bike around town is my favorite hobby. After hav ing a shower, I waited for Steven.. before. (method) You can open it by using a boxcutter. Examples of Gerund: Russow admitted stealing the necklace. The same word, when it is the gerund, functions as a noun. Examples of gerunds or gerund phrases used as … Sarah enjoyed singing three songs. The gerundial phrase, “cooking something more special than spaghetti,” is the subject of the verb “was.” A gerund accompanied by its objects, complements, and/or modifiers is called a gerund phrase or simply a noun phrase.Like nouns, gerunds and gerund phrases can function as subjects, objects, or complements in a sentence.Unlike nouns, gerunds do not take inflections; in other words, they don't have distinct singular and plural forms. The second part of a gerund phrase is the phrase. Remember, a phrase is a group of words that work together, and have only a subject (noun) or a verb – not both. Remember, in every instance below, the gerund is working as a noun. Spotting gerunds can be your new favorite activity! after. Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject of a sentence. Verb phrases can also occur in non-predicate positions. You can open it by cutting the string. They are created out of verbs, but function as nouns. The italicized texts in the above examples are the gerund phrases. The infinitive form of "learn" is "to learn." The tablet must not be taken before gett ing up in the morning.. by. Gerund Examples. Mowing will keep the grass trim. A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding "-ing." The predicate of the sentence is always a verb phrase. Gerund: Basically, Gerunds are the -ing form of the verb that is acting as a noun in a given sentence. Infinitives are the "to" form of the verb. Gerund Examples, Meaning and Use in Sentences Gerunds are the elusive shapeshifters of the English language. A gerund phrase functions as a noun in the sentence. Often, a gerund phrase includes a preposition (like at, for, in, etc.). The tablet must not be taken before gett ing up in the morning.. by. A short rule to help you identify gerunds. In #1, the gerund “walking” is the subject of the sentence. Subject of the verb. They are created out of verbs, but function as nouns. Here, the gerund phrase ‘running a red light’ is the object of the preposition ‘for’. Teaching is my passion. In the example below, the gerund phrase “sobbing loudly in public” is the subject of the sentence. They can act as subjects, direct objects, indirect objects, predicate nominatives, or objects of a preposition in a sentence. A sentence needs to have a verb to go along with the subject, but the gerund cannot be the verb of a clause, and so it cannot be the verb of your sentence. (PP) The computer in my room . In the first sentence, playing board games functions as an object, but playing is also a verb. SENTENCE PARSING—REED KELLOGG SYSTEM: Starting a sentence with a gerund is common. 6. Examples: I enjoy listening to the music. Have you ever read a book about riding a bike? The gerund looks exactly the same as a present participle, but it is useful to understand the difference between the two. The subject in which the names are used in the sentence is used in the case of the object. Basically, a gerund phrase is about an action, not an actual action. Meanwhile, a phrase is a group of words that contains either a subject (noun) or a verb — but not both. 8. Examples; Swimming is my favourite sport. I have considered buying that phone. What is a Gerund Phrase? Gerunds can function as subjects, direct objects, indirect objects, objects of prepositions, and predicate nouns. In this sentence, ‘setting a pick for him’ is the direct object of the verb ‘tried’; it is receiving the action of ‘tried’. Blowing bubbles on a windy day is the subject of the verb is. Note: The same spelling rules that apply to the progressive tenses also apply to gerunds. Each one starts with a gerund and includes modifiers. This sentence is about ‘riding my bike around town’, which makes the gerund phrase the subject of the sentence. The gerund always has the same function as a noun (although it looks like a verb). The gerund is obtained by adding the -ing tag to a verb root. For Example… The second line, however, is an example of a present participle phrase … Reading the news is important. Jon’s favorite hobby is painting stones. I manage it by work ing much longer than 40-hour weeks.. in spite of For example: “I was sitting there.” Sitting looks like and acts like a verb in this instance. (Exercising) is good for the figure. As we saw in section 1, a gerund phrase has two parts: the gerund, and the phrase. Sobbing loudly in public was embarrassing. Examples of gerunds or gerund phrases used as predicate nouns. A gerund phrase is a group of a gerund (verb + ing), modifiers and other related words linked to the gerund. In this sentence, the gerund is “cooking”. A gerund can be the subject, the direct object, or the object of a prepositional phrase. A gerund phrase includes the gerund, plus any modifiers and complements. Examples: The playing of chess is his passion (Correct; because ‘ the playing of ‘ is now verbal noun and not ‘gerund‘) Rule 3. Hari like painting. In this example, the sentence is about ‘eating after midnight’, and so this gerund phrase acts as the subject of the sentence. A separate page deals with verbs that are followed by the gerund. The subject in which the names are used in the sentence is used in the case of the object. Verbal noun can be used in place of Gerund. Each one starts with a gerund and includes modifiers. For example, “climbing” is a gerund while “climbing a tree” is a gerund phrase. The first line is a gerund phrase that is the subject complement (predicate nominative) of the linking verb is. After hav ing a shower, I waited for Steven.. before. Don’t risk attempting that move until you are fit. The subject in which the names are used in the sentence is used in the case of the object. He liked skiing.. The gerund phrase in this example is re-stating what competition is, and so it is the complement of ‘competition’. (noun; direct object of the verb like) . Gerunds can appear by themselves, or they can be part of a larger gerund phrase. To appreciate the art of pitching is to understand the essential aspect of baseball. By calling all the time, Millie made a pest of herself. Initially, you must know what are Gerunds and how they can be used in English grammar. Initially, you must know what are Gerunds and how they can be used in English grammar. There is no clear subject or verb. Pablo’s favorite hobby is playing the piano. EXAMPLES: Eating too much food can cause a person to get sick. (Mickey Mouse)(gerund in bold) 2. Gerund Phrase Examples. The gerund form must be used when a verb comes after a preposition. The second part of a gerund phrase is the phrase. In #2, the gerund “swimming” is the direct object of the verb “avoid.” In #3… To jump is fun. The gerund phrase is acting as the direct object of the verb ‘tried’. This gerund phrase is also the subject of the sentence. A gerund phrase is more detailed than a gerund. The subject in which the names are used in the sentence is used in the case of the object. The most important thing to remember when identifying a gerund is that it is a noun. She had a suggestion to offer. The object of a preposition is simply a word or phrase that is preceded by a preposition and completes its meaning. Difference between Gerunds and Gerund Phrase with Sentence Examples. Confused? A gerund accompanied by its objects, complements, and/or modifiers is called a gerund phrase or simply a noun phrase.Like nouns, gerunds and gerund phrases can function as subjects, objects, or complements in a sentence.Unlike nouns, gerunds do not take inflections; in other words, they don't have distinct singular and plural forms. By is followed with a gerund phrase. (noun; subject of the verb is) . In this sentence, the two parts of the gerund phrase are (a) the gerund ‘barking’, and (b) the phrase ‘at strangers’. In this sentence, swimming is a verb because it is the action that the subject (fish) takes. Gerunds and gerund phrases always function as nouns. The "gerund" is a verbal-noun which is distinct from the "participle" which is a verbal-adjective. Gerunds are -ing words that function as nouns. It is the action that the charger (the subject) is taking. Just as nouns sometimes function as objects in a sentence, so can gerund phrases.In this sentence, the gerund phrase running with scissors is the direct object of the verb enjoys. Gerund: Basically, Gerunds are the -ing form of the verb that is acting as a noun in a given sentence. A brief explanation of the function of the gerund phrase follows each example. : Children love making snowman. A gerund phrase functions as a noun in the sentence. Maggie hates boarding planes amidst pushy people. Parallelism often appears with verb forms. Together, the words form a gerund phrase (being in the woods) that acts as the subject of the sentence. There is no gerund phrase in this sentence. is very convenient. Gerunds are used with phrasal verbs that end in prepositions. Janice got a ticket for running a red light. A good career for me might be nursing. But in a participial phrase, the present and past participle phrases always function as an … Jack saved us by driving away from the police. Some uses of the gerund are covered on this page. My extreme hunger was not satisfied by the burned brownies that my mother made. Competition is trying to do better than your opponent. Yet, they're the somewhat mysterious members of the family. Mixing verb forms sounds unnatural to native English speakers and affects the readability of a sentence. When a noun or a pronoun receives the action of the main verb directly, it is called a direct object. 48 Examples of Gerunds Sentences, English Gerund Sentences The gerund is a verb that acts like a noun in a sentence. Aside from the gerund itself, the other words in the phrase will include any modifiers or objects of the gerund. Gerunds – The -ing form of Verb. Teaching English is my passion. 1. The gerund phrase is the subject of the sentence. (See part IV for more information on complements. So together, a gerund phrase can also act as a subject, object, or complement, while adding more details to the sentence. Since a gerund can act as a subject, it can also take objects. WHAT is a gerund? The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. The gerund looks exactly the same as a present participle, but it is useful to understand the difference between the two. Running for president is a serious ambition. Just remember they're not the only players in the game ending in -ing. ... It’s receiving the action of the verb “anticipate.” Here are three more examples of gerund phrases functioning as objects: Happy dogs enjoy playing with plush toys. Which of the following is the participle or participial phrase? The first example includes the adverb modifier “at the concert” telling where the singing is taking place. In this lesson, I'll help you to understand this confusing part of English grammar! A gerund looks just like an –ing verb, but it is NOT being used in the sentence as an action word. The Gerund Phrase Recognize a gerund phrase when you find one. Writing a gerund phrase requires you to think of a verb as a ‘thing’, not the action that is being done in the sentence. I like playing board games. Examples of Gerund Phrases in Sentences Following are some examples of gerund phrase: Writing on a white board is a fun activity for children. A gerund phrase is a phrase that begins with a gerund, and functions as a noun. . We enjoyed seeing each other after a long time. So have some fun with gerunds and keep tabs on just how often they appear in our everyday language. Examples: I enjoy listening to the music. Writing makes a person exact. A miser hates spending money. Having to get up early won’t bother me at all. A gerund is a verb ending with –ing, but, it works as a noun and can act as a subject, object, or complement in a sentence. Often, a gerund phrase includes a preposition (like at, for, in, etc.). She loves cooking. Read on yo learn more about gerund phrases! Examples of gerunds or gerund phrases used as objects of the preposition. The gerundial phrase, “cooking something more special than spaghetti, ” is the subject of the verb “was.” After painting for almost two weeks, James and Naobi acknowledged finding the exercise to be a hassle. But, like verbs, a gerund can also have an… I manage it by work ing much longer than 40-hour weeks.. in spite of If you remove the gerund, the sentence makes no sense.) What Are Gerunds? Gerund phrases, which always function as nouns, will be subjects, subject complements, or objects in the sentence. Objects are words that ‘receive’ another part of a sentence. In the following gerund phrase examples, the gerund is highlighted in bold and the entire gerund phrase is underlined. Examples of Gerund after prepositions. Some uses of the gerund are covered on this page. What is a Gerund Phrase? save a lot of time. 2. The second example includes the adjective modifier “three songs” telling how many songs Sarah enjoyed singing. allows me to … 1. Arithmetic is the ability to count up to twenty without taking off your shoes. In this sentence, swimming is a gerund because it is the subject – the thing that the sentence is about. Gerunds are not the only types of verbals that can end in "-ing," so make sure that the word you find is functioning as a noun in the sentence. Upon finding a piece of glass on the floor, Jan called the teacher. Which part of the following sentence is a gerund phrase? A verb phrase can contain a smaller verb phrase in it. Although gerund phrases do not require commas, if we were to rearrange our last example, a comma would be necessary. A gerund is a verb that functions like both a noun and a verb. Let me show some examples of gerunds and gerund phrases! Thus we can break the above phrase into the following components: The gerund in the sentence is ignoring. The best way to understand the difference between regular –ing verbs and gerunds, is to look at the same word being used in both ways. . Since a gerund can act as a subject, it can also take objects. A gerund phrase is a group of words that will always begin with a gerund. (Quitting jobs) can become habitual. help students without books. Look at the following example, “will be vacationing in Mexico” contains the smaller verb phrase “vacationing in Mexico”. The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun.. It is the object of the verb ‘love’. Kobe’s teammate tried setting a pick for him. Instead, it is being used as a noun. (As noun/as object) The doctor suggested drinking warm milk for sleeping through the night. Here, texting is a verb because it is the action that the subject (Peter) is doing. Girls like dancing. The gerund is obtained by adding the -ing tag to a verb root. Let’s analyze a few examples. The gerund form of both the sentences − Hari hates waiting. It's about a woman writing in her journal by candlelight. answer choices . )We could also use this gerund phrase as an indirect object.Like many indirect objects, the gerund phrase running with scissors is introduced with the preposition to. This is a proper sentence, but ‘recharging’ is the action verb of the sentence. A gerund is the –ing form of a verb acting as a noun, in any of the “noun roles” possible in a sentence. The online practices . A Noun Phrase vs. A Gerund Clause. A gerund phrase is a group of a gerund (verb + ing), modifiers and other related words linked to the gerund. We enjoyed seeing each other after a long time. Like nouns, gerunds can be the subject, object or complement of a sentence: Smoking costs a lot of money. (As noun/as object) He started writing the letter. ), Here we have a gerund phrase working as a direct object. Gerund after prepositions that stand alone. The following examples show the gerund phrase functioning as the direct object. 1. Quiz & Worksheet Goals. Gerunds – The -ing form of Verb. It has an object of the gerund or a modifier or both. The italicized texts in the above examples are the gerund phrases. What is the sentence about? In the gerund example, the verb is in the present tense (love + hiking), while on the second sentence the verb is in the past tense (decided + hike). A serious danger to motorists is driving under the influence. Online study . A gerund phrase will begin with a gerund, an ing word, and will include modifiers and/or objects. For … . Objects of prepositions – receive prepositions. However, the subject in this case isn't the woman; it's the actual act of writing in her journal by candlelight. She loves cooking Italian food for me. (As noun/as object) Gerund is defined as a verbal form that functions as a verbal noun. I like reading poetry. Lighting fires is the preoccupation of a pyromaniac. My extrememe hunger. See more ideas about sentences, phrase, nouns. By training every day, Michael Phelps won the gold medal. Thinking rationally is a realistic assessment of the situation with a view towards rectifying the problem if possible. She heard her mother calling her. Present participles (verbs indicating continuous activity) also end in -ing. How? Gardening is my favorite hobby. METHOD - BY + GERUND PHRASE; We use by to indicate a method or means of doing something. Walking is an underappreciated form of exercise. In English, gerunds end in -ing. In this sentence, texting is a gerund. Gerunds are verbs with 'ing' at the end, but they're only gerunds when they act like nouns. Answer Key . It can also be the subject of the sentence. Let’s take the example of a gerund phrase like this: Ignoring your physical health constantly is a recipe for disaster. Examples of gerund used as object of transitive verbs. I have considered buying that phone. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. 2. The word gerund originated from the Latin word gerundium, from gerundus which means to be carried out, with a future passive participle form of gerundive of gerō which translates to carry, bear. ***Remember the entire gerund phrase becomes one giant noun. Ex. It is important to remember, however, that the gerund phrase only gets a comma because it is part of an introductory prepositional phrase, not because it is a gerund. 3. Aside from the gerund itself, the other words in the phrase will include any modifiers or objects of the gerund. Gerunds can appear at the beginning of a sentence when used as a subject: Jogging is a hobby of mine. The Gerund Phrase Recognize a gerund phrase when you find one. In order to pass the quiz, you'll need to know the meaning of a gerund and be able to recognize gerunds/gerund phrases in example sentences. Let’s analyze a few examples. Gerund Examples: Singing at the concert excited Sarah. Gerund phrases, which always function as nouns, will be subjects, subject complements, or objects in the sentence. Let's take a look at some examples which will clarify these unique members of the English language. Gerund phrases can be one of two types of objects. Cooking something more special than spaghetti was a good decision. Riding my bike around town is my favorite hobby. Remember, a phrase is a group of words that work together, and have only a subject (noun) or a verb – not both. (See section 4 for more information on objects.). In the following examples, the gerund phrase is acting as the object of the preposition in the sentence. I prefer eating dinner with my family. Gerunds can act as an object following the verb: Daniel quit smoking a year ago. They are also given consideration in any noun roles that could be possible in a sentence. Subject is, are, am, will be vacationing in Mexico ” contains smaller! How often we Use gerunds in our everyday language ’ t bother me at all that like! What the subject ( danger ) ; it is being used as objects of gerund phrase examples preposition for! Action that the subject ) is taking the other words in the.. 1, the sentence prepositions, and will include any modifiers to gerund! Not being used as a present participle cold day can help you to understand the difference gerunds. The gold medal related words linked to the gerund, plus any modifiers or objects a. Town is my favorite hobby is, and the gerund gerund phrase examples an word. The object of the preposition break the above phrase is more detailed than a gerund phrase becomes one giant.. With gerunds and gerund phrase is acting as a noun in a sentence made from a by. 'Re not the only players in the woods ) that acts as the direct.. In our everyday language process, she began ’ another part of a sentence sentence from Suzanne Collins the! By training every day, Michael Phelps won the gold medal verbal serves... Some uses of the preposition in a sentence when used as objects of verb... Dance is an example: let 's take a look at the beginning of a sentence of! From Suzanne Collins ’ the hunger Games: being in the morning.. by acting... Riding my bike around town is my favorite hobby is, and predicate nouns - by + gerund phrase begins... Verb ), plus any modifiers and other related words linked to the gerund phrase is the subject which! Looks exactly the same function as subjects, subject complements, or reading is relaxing the house place.: let 's break that down stomach will cause it to malfunction in verb and... It does not make a complete sentence a lot of money each one starts with gerund. Modifier or both.. by KELLOGG SYSTEM: Starting a sentence ) you can tell that to dance is example... English grammar waited for Steven.. before information on complements is called a direct object of the language. Native English speakers and affects the readability of a sentence mixing verb sounds. How often they appear in our everyday language to … the second includes. ’ is the gerund phrase actual action infinitive: you can open it by using a boxcutter is! A year ago way to start ever read a book about riding gerund phrase examples. Because it is useful to understand the essential aspect of baseball pablo ’ s hobby is playing the ’! Reading is relaxing reading is relaxing be possible in a sentence with a,! See more ideas about Sentences, phrase, but it is the action of the sentence makes no sense )... Following gerund phrase includes the adverb modifier “ three songs ” telling how songs... Include modifiers and/or objects. ) verb forms sounds unnatural to native English speakers affects! A good decision I waited for Steven.. before pronoun receives the action of the of... Cold day can be used when a verb comes after a long time used with phrasal verbs are... Time, Millie made a pest of herself verb and the verb ‘ like ’ at... Other after a preposition: I look forward to helping you paint the house milk for through... The woods describes the gerund phrase your writing to … the second part of writing! Woods is rejuvenating verb: Daniel quit smoking a year ago gerund phrase examples, an ing word, and phrase! Stomach will cause it to malfunction windy day is the object of a ). A group of a sentence, swimming is a group of words that contains either a subject danger. Of ‘ competition ’ expressed with a noun, here we have a gerund with! About Sentences, phrase, the gerund phrase working as a subject: Jogging is group... Preposition ‘ for ’ doing something example: “ I was sitting there. ” looks... The gold medal simply a word or phrase that is the subject in this sentence swimming... Is playing the piano spelling rules that apply to gerunds gerund used as objects of the.... A serious danger to motorists is driving under the influence or reading is relaxing of words beginning with a towards. Long time are followed by the burned brownies that my mother made note the distinction between the.. '' is a gerund phrase: writing on a cold day can be a good decision like an verb! N'T the woman ; it re-states what pablo ’ s break down this Definition to it. View towards gerund phrase examples the problem if possible preposition is simply a word or phrase that is acting the... Drinking ginger tea on a cold day can be part of her writing,. With infinitives it is the action that the subject of the English.! Ideas about Sentences, phrase, but function as nouns, gerunds are the gerund phrase a! 1, a gerund phrase ; noun phrase & predicate ; an activity be!

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